It may also become a factor in societal and demographic collapse. Reported sex ratios at birth, outside the typical range of 1. Giorgio Napolitano Democrats of the Leftthe Interior Minister, announced new measures in to deal with prostitution as an issue of urban safety, and there was little debate over his proposals, given widespread concerns over human trafficking. While enforcement varies by region and over time, the immediate effect has been the expected and desired one of clearing the streets at least temporarily and displacing workers to remote areas. Descriptions of the conditions of migrant women, particularly young women, on the streets, shifted the debate in the s from the Comitato' s perception of prostitutes as independent and assertive women to that of victims of male violence. Among these migrants were women who took up prostitution with varying degrees of voluntarity, with some suffering coercion and debt bondage human traffickingincluding under-aged girls. Neither gravidity nor parity seem to affect the male-to-female ratio.
This initiative unified a number of legislative proposals.
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. In a study aroundthe natural sex ratio at birth was estimated to be close to 1. In the warmest period over the years, the birth sex ratio peaked at about 1. SenetaSpringer, pp. In a scientific paper published in James states that conventional assumptions have been:. According to a TAMPEP report on the legislations and policies regarding prostitution in Europe, in Italy, the dominant frames are sex work as violence, force, organized crime, a threat to public security and order, and driving demand for migration and trafficking. Attempts were regularly made to criminalize outdoor sex work.